Geranylphenazinediol, an Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Produced by a Streptomyces Species

Geranylphenazinediol (1), a new phenazine natural product, was produced by the Streptomyces sp. strain LB173, which was isolated from a marine sediment sample. The structure was established by analysis of NMR and MS data. 1 inhibited the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in the low micromolar range and showed weak antibacterial activity. In order to get a more detailed picture of the activity profile of 1, its inhibitory potential was compared to that of related structures.