Fullerene Anions of Different Sizes and Shapes:  A 13C NMR and Density-Functional Study

A combined experimental and theoretical study was conducted on numerous higher fullerene anions with different sizes and shapes, C76-D2, C78-C2v, C78-D3, C84-D2, and C84-D2d. The corresponding fullerenes were reduced by lithium metal to diamagnetic multiply charged anions. The centers of gravity of the 13C NMR spectra of all the multiply charged anions were deshielded, relative to those of the neutral fullerenes. The results of density functional (DFT) computations of the 13C NMR spectra and the molecular orbitals (MOs) of possible polyanion reduction products suggest that hexaanions were the species formed.