Four-Point Probe Electrical Measurements on Templated Gold Nanowires Formed on Single DNA Origami Tiles

Bottom-up nanofabrication is increasingly making use of self-assembled DNA to fabricate nanowires and potential integrated circuits, although yields of such electronic nanostructures are inadequate, as is the ability to reliably make electrical measurements on them. In this paper, we report improved yields and unprecedented conductivity measurements for Au nanowires created on DNA origami tile substrates. We created several different self-assembled Au nanowire arrangements on DNA origami tiles that are approximately 70 nm × 90 nm, through anisotropic growth of Au nanorods attached to specific sites. Modifications to the tile design increased yields of the final desired nanostructures as much as 6-fold. In addition, we measured the conductivity of Au nanowires created on these DNA tiles (∼130 nm long, 10 nm diameter, and 40 nm spacing between measurement points) with a four-point measurement technique that utilized electron beam induced metal deposition to form probe electrodes. These nanowires formed on single DNA origami tiles were electrically conductive, having resistivities as low as 4.24 × 10–5 Ω m. This work demonstrates the creation and measurement of inorganic nanowires on single DNA origami tiles as a promising path toward future bottom-up fabrication of nanoelectronics.