Effect of the Formation of Highly Ordered Platinum(II) Octaethylporphyrin Adlayer on the Surface Reconstruction of Gold and Supramolecular Assembly of Fullerenes

The structures of 2D molecular assemblies of platinum­(II) octa­ethylporphyrin (PtOEP) on Au(111) and Au(100) surfaces were examined using in situ scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) in 0.05 M HClO4 solutions. The in situ STM observations revealed that the reconstructed rows of Au(111) and Au(100) were stabilized through the formation of highly ordered arrays by adsorption of PtOEP in a wide potential range of the electric double-layer region and that the PtOEP overlayer expanded the stable potential range for the reconstructed phase. Furthermore, the supramolecular assembly of C60 and C84 on a highly ordered PtOEP adlayer formed on Au(111) surfaces was investigated. STM images revealed site-selective supramolecular assembly of fullerenes, especially C84, which exhibited a low coverage on the PtOEP adlayer. C60 molecules exhibited a full coverage and formed highly ordered adlayers on PtOEP, whereas C84 exhibited disordered arrays. The results of this study showed that the strong π-electron donation by the PtOEP molecules stabilized the reconstructed rows of single-crystal Au planes and that the PtOEP adlayer acted as a strong electron-donating layer, aiding the formation of supramolecularly assembled C60 molecules.