Dynamic Microscopy Study of Ultrafast Charge Transfer in a Hybrid P3HT/Hyperbranched CdSe Nanoparticle Blend for Photovoltaics

We present a spectroscopic investigation on a new hyperbranched cadmium selenide nanocrystals (CdSe NC)/poly­(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) blend, a potentially good active component in hybrid photovoltaics. Combined ultrafast transient absorption spectroscopy and morphological investigations by means of an ultrafast confocal microscope reveal a strong influence of the complex local structure on the photogenerated carrier dynamics. In particular, we map the electron-transfer process across the hybrid NC/polymer interface, and we reveal that charge separation occurs through a preferential pathway from the CdSe nanobranches to the P3HT chains. Efficient charge generation at the distributed heterojunction is also confirmed by scanning kelvin probe force microscopy measurements.