Dissociation Pathways of the CH2CH2ONO Radical: NO2 + Ethene, NO + Oxirane, and a Non-Intrinsic Reaction Coordinate HNO + Vinoxy Pathway
2016-04-28T18:48:36Z (GMT) by
We first characterize the dissociation pathways of BrCH2CH2ONO, a substituted alkyl nitrite, upon photoexcitation at 193 nm under collision-free conditions, in a crossed laser–molecular beam scattering apparatus using vacuum ultraviolet photoionization detection. Three primary photodissociation pathways occur: photoelimination of HNO, leading to the products HNO + BrCH2CHO; C–Br bond photofission, leading to Br + CH2CH2ONO; and O–NO bond photofission, leading to NO + BrCH2CH2O. The data show that alkyl nitrites can eliminate HNO via a unimolecular mechanism in addition to the commonly accepted bulk disproportionation mechanism. Some of the products from the primary photodissociation pathways are highly vibrationally excited, so we then probe the product branching from the unimolecular dissociation of these unstable intermediates. Notably, the vibrationally excited CH2CH2ONO radicals undergo two channels predicted by statistical transition-state theory, and an additional non-intrinsic reaction coordinate channel, HNO elimination. CH2CH2ONO is formed with high rotational energy; by employing rotational models based on conservation of angular momentum, we predict, and verify experimentally, the kinetic energies of stable CH2CH2ONO radicals and the angular distribution of dissociation products. The major dissociation pathway of CH2CH2ONO is NO2 + ethene, and some of the NO2 is formed with sufficient internal energy to undergo further photodissociation. Nascent BrCH2CHO and CH2Br are also photodissociated upon absorption of a second 193 nm photon; we derive the kinetic energy release of these dissociations based on our data, noting similarities to the analogous photodissociation of ClCH2CHO and CH2Cl.