Direct Infusion Mass Spectrometric Analysis of Bio-oil Using ESI-Ion-Trap MS

2015-12-17T00:14:41Z (GMT) by Eid Alsbou Bob Helleur
Direct infusion-electrospray ionization (ESI)-Ion-Trap MS and ESI-Ion-Trap MS<sup>2</sup> were used for direct analysis of bio-oil from forest residue and reference bio-oils from cellulose and hardwood lignin. It was found that the bio-oil concentration and mode of MS analysis are important parameters in obtaining reproducible and structurally informative data. In order to study sensitivity and selectivity with ESI-Ion-Trap MS, a selection of model compounds were studied with and without dopants. Dopants included NaCl, formic acid and NH<sub>4</sub>Cl in positive ion mode and NaOH and NH<sub>4</sub>Cl in negative ion mode. NH<sub>4</sub>Cl addition can be used to distinguish carbohydrate-derived products from other bio-oil components. NaOH and NaCl additives produced the highest peak intensities in negative ion mode as deprotonated adducts and in positive mode as sodiated adducts, respectively. ESI-MS<sup>2</sup> was used successfully for confirmation of individual target ions such as levoglucosan and cellobiosan, as well for some structural products of lignin. Simple bio-oil fractionation into hydrophilic and hydrophobic components provided less complex and more interpretive ion spectra.