Cooperative Catalysis of Methane Oxidation through Modulating the Stabilization of PdO and Electronic Properties over Ti-Doped Alumina-Supported Palladium Catalysts

Poor low-temperature catalytic activity and durability are the main drawbacks of palladium-based catalysts for methane combustion. Herein, stable and active PdO particles are constructed by incorporating Ti into an alumina support, which makes the catalysts exhibit satisfactory methane combustion activity. The results of comprehensive characterization reveal that an appropriate amount of Ti doping induces the optimization of electron transfer and distribution, thus contributing to the construction and stabilization of active PdO lattices. The reactive oxygen mobility is improved and the optimal PdO/Pd0 combination is achieved, thanks to the amplified PdO–support interaction. In addition, the acid–base properties are regulated and Brønsted acid sites are generated by virtue of the adjustment of electronic properties, which facilitate stabilization of PdO as well. Hence, the Ti-containing catalyst exhibits superior activity for methane oxidation at low temperatures. Notably, the activity and cyclic performance of the catalyst can be further enhanced when undergoing long-term and isothermal heat treatment under the reactant stream and methane, and it demonstrates a high performance with 90% CH4 conversion at 340 °C.