Competitive-Type Pressure-Dependent Immunosensor for Highly Sensitive Detection of Diacetoxyscirpenol in Wheat via Monoclonal Antibody

Diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS) is a type A trichothecene mycotoxin with low molecular weight, and with respect to its toxicity and the occurrence in food and feed, it is known as a potential risk for public and animal health. In the present study, first, a sensitive and specific monoclonal antibody (5E7) was developed. Then, the antibody was applied to develop a competitive-type pressure-dependent immunosensor (CTPDI). The Au@PtNP was synthesized and labeled with goat antimouse antibody (Au@PtNPs-IgG). Finally, the concentration of DAS was negatively correlated with the pressure signal. In the presence of optimal conditions, matrix-matched calibration curves were plotted for wheat samples, in which an optimal IC50 value (half maximal inhibitory concentration) of 3.08 ng/g was achieved. The CTPDI was further applied to detect natural and blind wheat samples, and validation was carried out by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The results showed that CTPDI was highly appropriate and accurate for detection of DAS in wheat.