Coherent Random Lasing in Colloidal Quantum Dot-Doped Polymer-Dispersed Liquid Crystal with Low Threshold and High Stability

High-concentration (2–10 wt %) ZnCdSeS/ZnS alloyed quantum dot-doped polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (QD-PDLCs) were prepared via ultraviolet (UV) curing. The QD-PDLC morphology and resonance characteristics of a coherent random laser were investigated. The doping concentration of the liquid crystal and quantum dots was varied to investigate its effect on the lasing threshold, line width, and stability with respect to the density and grain size of the liquid crystal droplets inside the PDLC structure. Furthermore, the QD-PDLC laser performance was influenced by the pump position and area because of spatial localization of the random resonators. Moreover, the QD-PDLC showed good long-term stability; after 15 days of laser excitation (3 h/day), the laser output was maintained at 92% of the original emission intensity. The random laser threshold was as low as 50 μJ/cm2 with the optimized preparation process, which suggested strong potential for applications in polymer random fiber lasers, sensors, and displays.