Charge-Transfer Interactions in a Multichromophoric Hexaarylbenzene Containing Pyrene and Triarylamines

Two different hexaarylbenzenes with three pyrene and three triarylamine substituents in different positions (trigonal symmetric and asymmetric arrangement) were synthesized, and their charge-transfer states were investigated by optical spectroscopy. In these multichromophoric systems triarylamine acts as the electron donor and pyrene as the electron acceptor. A reference chromophore with only one donor–acceptor pair was also investigated. All these chromophores form charge-transfer states upon photoexcitation which relax with a moderate fluorescence quantum yield to the ground state. The compounds do not differ significantly concerning most of their fluorescence properties, which shows that the fluorescent charge-transfer state is very similar in all chromophores. This observation indicates symmetry breaking for the symmetric chromophore within fluorescence lifetime of several tens of ns. This interpretation was substantiated by fluorescence excitation anisotropy measurements in a sucrose octaacetate matrix.