Catalytic Hydrothiolation: Counterion-Controlled Regioselectivity
2019-02-08T19:49:02Z (GMT) by
In this Article, we expand upon the catalytic hydrothiolation of 1,3-dienes to afford either allylic or homoallylic sulfides with high regiocontrol. Mechanistic studies support a pathway in which regioselectivity is dictated by the choice of counterion associated with the Rh center. Non-coordinating counterions, such as SbF6–, allow for η4-diene coordination to Rh complexes and result in allylic sulfides. In contrast, coordinating counterions, such as Cl–, favor neutral Rh complexes in which the diene binds η2 to afford homoallylic sulfides. We propose mechanisms that rationalize a fractional dependence on thiol for the 1,2-Markovnikov hydrothiolation while accounting for an inverse dependence on thiol in the 3,4-anti-Markovnikov pathway. Through the hydrothiolation of an essential oil (β-farnesene), we achieve the first enantioselective synthesis of (−)-agelasidine A.