Carbonate-Based Zeolitic Imidazolate Framework for Highly Selective CO2 Capture

In this study, we report the formation of a new crystal structure, ZIF-CO3-1, which results from the reaction of Zn2+, 2-methylimidazole, and carbonate. ZIF-CO3-1 can be synthesized solvothermally in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)/water (H2O) or by utilizing of CO2 gas at various temperatures in DMF/H2O or H2O. This reaction selectively consumes CO2 because CO2 is incorporated in the ZIF as carbonate. CO2 can be quantitatively released by acidifying the ZIF. Powder X-ray diffraction, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, elemental analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize the ZIF structure. ZIF-CO3-1 (chemical formula C9H10N4O3Zn2), crystallizes in the orthorhombic crystal system with noncentrosymmetric space group Pba2.