Bifurcated Hydrogen-Bond-Stabilized Boron Analogues of Carboxylic Acids

The reactivity of a bulky m-terphenylboronic acid, DmpB­(OH)2 [1; Dmp = 2,6-bis­(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)­phenyl], toward three different N-heterocyclic carbenes has been examined. The reaction of 1 with 1 equiv of bis­(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)­imidazol-2-ylidene (IPr) leads to the formation of a hydrogen-bonded carbene boronic acid adduct, 2, featuring strong O–H···C contacts. In contrast, more basic 1,3-diisopropyl-4,5-dimethylimidazol-2-ylidene (IPr2Me2) and 1,3-di-tert-butylimidazol-2-ylidene (ItBu) deprotonate 1 smoothly to afford the rare anionic boranuidacarboxylic acids 3 and 4, respectively. Structural determination reveals that 3 and 4 bear unprecedented bifurcated hydrogen bonds with a BO unit as a double hydrogen-bond acceptor, which contribute significantly to stabilization of the highly reactive BO double bond. Quantum-mechanical calculations were conducted to disclose the unique electronic properties of the multiple bonds, as well as the important hydrogen bonds in these compounds.