Basic Quinolinonyl Diketo Acid Derivatives as Inhibitors of HIV Integrase and their Activity against RNase H Function of Reverse Transcriptase

A series of antiviral basic quinolinonyl diketo acid derivatives were developed as inhibitors of HIV-1 IN. Compounds 12d,f,i inhibited HIV-1 IN with IC50 values below 100 nM for strand transfer and showed a 2 order of magnitude selectivity over 3′-processing. These strand transfer selective inhibitors also inhibited HIV-1 RNase H with low micromolar potencies. Molecular modeling studies based on both the HIV-1 IN and RNase H catalytic core domains provided new structural insights for the future development of these compounds as dual HIV-1 IN and RNase H inhibitors.