Base Effects on the Formation of Four- and Five-Coordinate Cationic Aluminum Complexes

1997-05-07T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Jolin A. Jegier David A. Atwood
This work was conducted as part of our continuing effort to determine the factors that affect cation formation for organometallic aluminum complexes. In this study, the interactions of R2AlX (where R = Me, iBu, tBu; X = Cl, Br, I) with the monodentate bases thf, pyridine, NEt3, HNiPr2, H2NiBu, H2NtBu, and OPPh3 are examined to determine the role of the base in cation formation. These reactions resulted in the neutral adducts of the general form R2AlX·base (16, 8, 10, and 12) as well as the cationic complexes [R2Al(base)2]X (7, 9, and 11). The reactions of Me2AlX (where X = Cl, Br) with PMDETA (N,N‘,N‘‘,N‘‘‘-pentamethyldiethylenetriamine) and the catalytic activity of the resulting cationic complexes (13 and 14) are also discussed. All of the compounds were characterized by mp, IR, 1H-NMR, and elemental analyses, and in one an X-ray crystallographic study was carried out. X-ray data for 13:  triclinic, P1̄, a = 6.9542(6) Å, b = 12.2058(10) Å, c = 13.2417(11) Å, α = 106.236(2)°, β = 98.885(2)°, γ = 93.807(2)°, V = 1059.06(15) Å3, and Z = 2 for 181 parameters refined on 4358 reflections having F > 6.0σ(F), R = 0.0697, and Rw = 0.0697.