Antimicrobial Spirotetronate Metabolites from Marine-Derived Micromonospora harpali SCSIO GJ089

Two new spirotetronate aglycones, 22-de­hydroxy­methyl-kijanolide (1) and 8-hydroxy-22-dehydroxy­methyl-kijanolide (2), along with seven new spirotetronate glycosides, microsporanates A–F (38) and tetrocarcin P (9), together with three known tetrocarcins [tetrocarcins A (10), B (11), and AC6H (12)], were isolated from fermentation broths of the marine-derived Micromonospora harpali SCSIO GJ089. The structures of 19 were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS spectroscopic data. Compounds 38 feature an α,β-unsaturated carbonyl moiety within their spirotetronate skeletons. Moreover, compounds 312 displayed strong to moderate antibacterial activities against Gram positive bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis BT01 and B. subtilis BS01 with MIC values ranging from 0.016 to 8.0 μg/mL.