Analysis of Plasma Membrane Proteome in Soybean and Application to Flooding Stress Response

The plasma membrane acts as the primary interface between the cellular cytoplasm and the extracellular environment. To investigate the function of the plasma membrane in response to flooding stress, plasma membrane was purified from root and hypocotyl of soybean seedlings using an aqueous two-phase partitioning method. Purified plasma membrane proteins with 81% purity were analyzed using either two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by mass spectrometry and protein sequencing (2-DE MS/sequencer)-based proteomics or nanoliquid chromatography followed by mass spectrometry (nanoLC−MS/MS)-based proteomics. The number of hydrophobic proteins identified by nanoLC−MS/MS-based proteomics was compared with those identified by 2-DE MS/sequencer-based proteomics. These techniques were applied to identify the proteins in soybean that are responsive to flooding stress. Results indicate insights of plasma membrane into the response of soybean to flooding stress: (i) the proteins located in the cell wall are up-regulated in plasma membrane; (ii) the proteins related to antioxidative system play a crucial role in protecting cells from oxidative damage; (iii) the heat shock cognate protein plays a role in protecting proteins from denaturation and degradation during flooding stress; and (iv) the signaling related proteins might regulate ion homeostasis.