An Electrophilic Natural Product Provides a Safe and Robust Odor Neutralization Approach To Counteract Malodorous Organosulfur Metabolites Encountered in Skunk Spray
2019-07-03T20:14:37Z (GMT) by
The anal secretions of skunks comprise several types of malodorous organosulfur compounds. The pungent metabolites are used defensively by skunks to repel threats posed by predators, and in many parts of the world, those perceived threats include humans and their pets. The extremely low thresholds for detection of the organosulfur metabolites make efforts to “de-skunk” people, animals, and clothing a process fraught with many challenges. The fungal-derived metabolite pericosine A (4) is a promiscuous yet stabile electrophilic compound that we propose is used by some fungi as a novel form of chemical defense. Our investigations have indicated that pericosine A readily reacts with skunk-spray secretions to transform them into odorless products. Mechanistic and computational studies suggested that pericosine A and its synthetic analogues react via SN2′-type mechanisms with thiols and thioacetates under aqueous conditions to generate stable thioethers. Testing revealed that pericosine A did not cause skin or eye irritation and was highly effective at deodorizing skunk anal gland secretions when formulated to include adjunctive cosmetic ingredients.