An Efficient Multigram Synthesis of the Potent Histamine H3 Antagonist GT-2331 and the Reassessment of the Absolute Configuration

GT-2331 is a potent histamine H3 antagonist which has entered clinical trials. Efficient multigram syntheses of this compound and its enantiomer are described. The literature reports that GT-2331 is the dextrorotatory (+), more potent, enantiomer of 4-[2-(5,5-dimethylhex-1-ynyl)cyclopropyl]-1H-imidazole with the absolute configuration of (1R,2R)-1. However, we found that the dextrorotatory, more potent, enantiomer of 4-[2-(5,5-dimethylhex-1-ynyl)cyclopropyl]-1H-imidazole has the (1S,2S) absolute configuration. We suggest a reconsideration of the absolute configuration of GT-2331.