Amine-Functionalized Indazolin-3-ylidene Complexes of Palladium(II) by Postmodification of a Single Precursor

A series of five <i>trans</i>-[PdBr<sub>2</sub>(amine)­(indy)] complexes (amine = diethylamine, dipropylamine, dibutylamine, diisobutylamine, morpholine; indy = indazolin-3-ylidene) with pendant teriary amine functionalities in the side chain of the NHC ligand has been prepared by postcoordinative modification of a single bromoalkyl-functionalized precursor complex. This approach allows for a synthesis of functionalized N-heterocyclic carbene complexes more efficient than the metalation of prefunctionalized azolium salts. All complexes have been fully characterized, and the molecular structures of three complexes are reported. A correlation exists between the <sup>13</sup>C NMR shift of C<sub>carbene</sub> and the p<i>K</i><sub>b</sub> values of the coordinated amines. Furthermore, all complexes were found to be active catalysts for the direct arylation of 1-methylpyrrole with good to excellent yields.