Alternating-Current-Driven Microplasma for Multielement Excitation and Determination by Optical-Emission Spectrometry

2018-08-02T00:00:00Z (GMT) by Yi Cai Yong-Liang Yu Jian-Hua Wang
Microplasma optical-emission spectrometry (OES) is a promising technique for developing portable analytical instrumentations for real-time and on-site measurement of trace elemental species. However, its analytical performance is far from satisfactory for multielement analysis. Herein, a miniature OES system is developed for simultaneous multielement analysis with alternating-current-driven microplasma generated on the nozzle of a pneumatic micronebulizer as the excitation source. Because of the strong excitation capability of the microplasma and its sufficient contact with solution, a series of elements, including Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, and Zn, is directly excited in the spray with solution nebulization at a flow rate of 8 μL s<sup>–1</sup>. The characteristic optical emissions are measured by a charge-coupled-device (CCD) spectrometer. In addition, hydride generation is compatible with the present system, which makes it feasible for the simultaneous excitation of hydrides of As, Ge, Hg, Sb, and Sn by reaction with 0.8% (m/v) NaBH<sub>4</sub>. The microplasma–OES system exhibits a powerful capability for multielement analysis with favorable limits of detection for the mentioned elements.