Alkene Oxyamination Using Malonoyl Peroxides: Preparation of Pyrrolidines and Isoxazolidines
2018-05-29T19:18:47Z (GMT) by
Treatment of homoallylic <i>N</i>-tosyl amines or allylic <i>N</i>-tosyl hydroxylamines with 1.5 equiv of a malonoyl peroxide provides a stereoselective method to access functionalized pyrrolidines and isoxazolidines. This metal free alkene oxyamination proceeds in 50–85% yield and up to 13:1 <i>trans</i>-selectivity. In addition, the relative stereochemistry of the oxygen and nitrogen substituents can be inverted through an oxidation/reduction sequence or inverting the stereochemistry of the starting alkene. Mechanistic investigations show a higher reactivity for hydroxyl nucleophiles over sulfonamide nucleophiles revealing a preference for dioxygenation over oxyamination.