Activating Pyrimidines by Pre-distortion for the General Synthesis of 7‑Aza-indazoles from 2‑Hydrazonylpyrimidines via Intramolecular Diels–Alder Reactions
2019-09-09T16:50:30Z (GMT) by
Pyrimidines are almost unreactive partners in Diels–Alder cycloadditions with alkenes and alkynes, and only reactions under drastic conditions have previously been reported. We describe how 2-hydrazonylpyrimidines, easily obtained in two steps from commercially available 2-halopyrimidines, can be exceptionally activated by trifluoroacetylation. This allows a Diels–Alder cycloaddition under very mild reaction conditions, leading to a large diversity of aza-indazoles, a ubiquitous scaffold in medicinal chemistry. This reaction is general and scalable and has an excellent functional group tolerance. A straightforward synthesis of a key intermediate of Bayer’s Vericiguat illustrates the potential of this cycloaddition strategy. Quantum mechanical calculations show how the simple N-trifluoroacetylation of 2-hydrazonylpyrimidines distorts the substrate into a transition-state-like geometry that readily undergoes the intramolecular Diels–Alder cycloaddition.