A Rhodamine-Based Fluorescent and Colorimetric Chemodosimeter for the Rapid Detection of Hg2+ Ions in Aqueous Media

A rhodamine-based fluorescent and colorimetric chemodosimeter for the rapid detection of Hg2+ ions in aqueous media was developed. The system, which utilizes an irreversible Hg2+-promoted oxadiazole forming reaction, responds instantaneously at room temperature in a 1:1 stoichiometric manner to the amount of Hg2+. The selectivity of this system for Hg2+ over other metal ions is remarkably high, and its sensitivity is below 2 ppb in aqueous solutions.