A Concise Synthesis of the Octalactins

The total synthesis of octalactins A and B has been achieved in 15 steps (longest linear sequence) and 10% overall yield from commercially available materials. Key steps include the Paterson−Aldol reaction for the rapid assembly of the carbonate 46, methylenation of 46 and subsequent Claisen rearrangement of the corresponding alkenyl-substituted cyclic ketene acetal to provide the core unsaturated medium-ring lactone 47, and the use of enzyme-mediated acetate deprotection in the presence of a medium-ring lactone.