2D Hydrogen-Bonded Square-Grid Coordination Networks with a Substitution-Active Metal Site

Reported here is the preparation and property of 2D coordination networks composed of rodlike ligands with ethylene glycol side chains (1). Two 2D coordination networks, {[Co(1)2(H2O)2](NO3)2·1.5H2O}n and {[Ni(1)2(H2O)2](NO3)2·1.5H2O}n, have been synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, TG, DSC, UV−vis spectroscopy, and magnetic measurements. The structural analyses clarified that infinite 1D hydrogen-bond arrays composed of ethylene glycol chains contribute to the stabilization of 2D coordination frameworks, keeping the environment of substitution-active metal sites unchanged. They are more stable than a similar square-grid coordination network that does not possess an ethylene glycol chain on the ligand. We also succeeded in the direct observation of a reversible apical-ligand-exchange reaction at the cobalt(II) and nickel(II) ions in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal fashion because of the considerable stability as well as moderate flexibility of the framework. The cobalt-containing coordination network crystal showed chromic behavior depending on temperatures. Crystallographic and spectroscopic studies revealed that the color change of the crystal was attributed to the ligand-exchange process between H2O and a NO3 anion on the cobalt metal. Magnetic measurements indicated weak antiferromagnetic nearest-neighbor spin coupling between cobalt(II) ions.